Placing of dental sealants is a conservative dentistry technique that aims to fill the cavities that were created due to the effect of decay, by restoring the structure and morphology of the tooth. Dental caries (decay) is nothing but an infection of tooth enamel, and when it is not possible anymore to self-medicate (with dental hygiene) the decay; it requires professional intervention of a dentist, who will use the dental drill to remove the decay and the tooth enamel to provide tooth cleaning. This inevitably leads to the formation of a cavity upon which the dentist will act. To get this treatment done, for aesthetic and functional reasons, the dentist uses a method of placing of sealants or filling and modelling that empty part of the tooth with a variety of materials for sealant creation.
Devitalisation or canal therapy is a dental surgery consisting of removal of the nervous and circulatory material that is inside the tooth also known as dental pulp.
Devitalisation is done when the dental pulp is affected by an infection or inflammation, and this kind of a situation can occur during damages caused by dental caries, infections or other complications. Canal therapy is not painful for the patient because it is performed under local anaesthesia and it is absolutely important to complete it as soon as possible to prevent worsening of the situation (for example abscesses or granulomas).
Devitalisation allows repairing of badly damaged teeth and thus avoids tooth extraction as a final solution.
The dentist, after applying local anaesthesia, starts with the removal of the dental pulp and with the disinfection of the root of the tooth, which will later be filled with sterilized material so as to guarantee the isolation of the tooth root. Finally, the tooth is secured by obturation to prevent the entry of bacteria.
The oral hygiene is the first good habit for protection of healthy teeth but as much as it can be thoroughly performed on a daily basis, it is not enough; namely, it is necessary to regularly visit your own dentist to get the plaque or bacteria from those areas where the toothbrush cannot properly clean removed.
Professional teeth cleaning performed by a dental technician helps avoiding those dental pathologies such as periodontal disease or gingivitis, which can, on a long term, lead to endangering the health of the mouth.
It is particularly important to do a proper oral hygiene after performing a dental implantology surgery.